After the Crimean Status Referendum in 2014, Russia de facto annexed the former ukrainian region of Crimea. While the vast majority of countries declared the referendum invalid and the annexation illegitimate, the EU and the United States also targeted Russia with economic sanctions in order to push toward the withdrawal of Russia from the peninsula. Economic sanctions did not work and during this year, scholars, commentators and politicians from everywhere portrayed the crimean crisis as the first stage of a Russian project for the domination of eastern Europe.
Nonetheless, with the outbreak of the Syrian Crisis, the establishment of the IS and the new waves of violence in Israel, the Middle-East grabbed the spotlight. This is the reason why several important events that happened in the last months in Eastern Europe have been not fully conceptualized by journalists and commentators. My intention today is to summarize how Poland reacted to Russia’s aggressive behaviour from the economic, military and political perspective.
1-“Thirteen days before Poland’s general election, Prime Minister Ewa Kopacz opened the nation’s first terminal to import liquefied natural gas and promised “full independence” from Russian gas supplies from next year” (BloombergBusiness, 12th Oct.).
2-“A former Polish military base in the town of Ciechanow may now be used to house American troops, Polish national daily Rzeczpospolita reports. The property share is aimed at strengthening military cooperation, the newspaper said, citing Polish officials.” (RT, 7th Aug.)
3-“Poland’s conservative [anti-EU] opposition won the parliamentary election with more than a third of the vote, according to provisional official results. The Law and Justice party made strong gains in all major cities and won all but two regions, securing 37.6% of the vote, with the ruling Civic Platform second on 24.1%.” (The guardian, 27th Ocotber).
The news reported demonstrate something. Poland is scared of Russia and not happy about the the EU. It seems fair to say that the Crimean Crisis, the evident ineffectiveness of the sanctions, added to the migration policies imposed over Poland by the EU, have lead to a mixture of anti-EU and anti-Russian feelings.